Informing targeted interventions for people experiencing gambling harms in the ACT - 2018
The findings from this report provide significant insight into the ways interventions designed to reduce gambling harm can be targeted using a public health approach.
Find full report: Targeted Interventions Report (PDF)
a)Gambling harms were most likely to be identifiable in personal contexts, by partners, close family or friends;
b)gambling harms were also likely to be identifiable within gambling venues;
c)people experiencing gambling harms were generally resistant to intervention, whether it was from a close personal contact, a service provider, or venue staff- however, this report has identified close family and friends as the most acceptable source of intervention for gamblers;
d)co-occurring mental health, alcohol and other drug issues were common among people experiencing gambling harms, as was poor physical health;
e)people experiencing gambling harms do not tend to seek help, and/or only do so when their problems are extreme and impacting on others.
Overall, the findings suggest that interventions should be responsive to the experiences and understandings of people who are at risk of, or experiencing gambling harm.
Gambling expenditure in the ACT - 2009/2014
Two reports on gambling expenditure in the ACT (2009 and 2014) are available for download. In 2014, people with gambling problems accounted for nearly half of all ACT losses. Overall, the reports found that gambling revenue is not drawn equally from groups in the community.
Download the reports: 2014 Report (PDF 3.08 MB) 2009 Report (PDF 2.22 MB)
Preventive interventions for problem gambling: A public health perspective - 2015
The study, a literature review, explores the evolution of the public health model particularly relating to problem gambling. Prevention approaches and frameworks developed for other related health and wellbeing problems are considered and their relevance and potential application in the problem gambling field discussed.
Summary of findings: Preventive Interventions: summary of findings[PDF 344.5KB]
See full report: Preventive Interventions for problem gambling - Final Report [PDF 1.7MB]
2014 Survey on Gambling, Health and Wellbeing in the ACT
The ACT Gambling and Racing Commission contracted The Australian National University’s Centre for Gambling Research to undertake a comprehensive study of gambling and problem gambling in the ACT. The 2014 Survey on Gambling, Health and Wellbeing in the ACT surveyed 7,068 ACT residents in late 2014 and early 2015 and reports in detail on the prevalence of gambling in the Territory.
The study found that participation in gambling activities has continued to fall over the last decade and total gambling expenditure fell by 19% from 2009 to 2014. However, the number of respondents reporting risky gambling behaviours did not decrease as much, as an estimated 0.4% of the population were problem gamblers (0.5% in 2009), 1.1% were moderate risk (1.5% in 2009), and 3.9% were low risk (up from 3.4% in 2009). Less than 10% of people ever having gambling problems had ever received professional help for issues related to their gambling with a further 5% trying unsuccessfully to get help and 5% wanting but not trying to access help.
Understanding the Self-Exclusion Process in the ACT
This study recruited people with varying degrees of experience with self-exclusion in the ACT, gambling counsellors and gambling venue staff, and involved interviews with participants and participatory research methods and was initiated immediately prior to the ACT Online Gambling Exclusion Scheme. The study provides a benchmark on which future evaluation of the new Online Exclusion Scheme can be a measured and provides a foundation of knowledge that will inform ongoing improvements to self-exclusion in the ACT.
The study finds that self-exclusion is an important and powerful way to help people regain control over problematic gambling habits. Study participants reported that gambling counselling services and support groups were of particular use to many participants with few supportive friends or family to rely on. However, the report also found that breach of self-exclusion was common and the rate of detection of self-excluded patrons inside venues was low. The report suggested that improved communication between stakeholders in the scheme would improve the durability of self-exclusion for patrons and venues alike.
Preventive Interventions for Problem Gambling: A Public Health Perspective
This study reviews the potential for prevention approaches to problem gambling taking inspiration from public health models of harm prevention. The study reviews three types of preventative intervention: universal prevention, which is targeted towards the whole population; selective prevention targeted towards those at increased risk of problems; and indicated prevention targeted at those already showing signs of problems. The report argues that, while the evidence base for a complete public health approach to problem gambling is not yet available, a public health framework is an appropriate and useful approach for problem gambling and provides a basis for a contemporary health promotion framework.
Informing Targeted Interventions for People with Gambling Problems in the ACT
The Australian National University (ANU) Centre for Gambling Research was commissioned by the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Gambling and Racing Commission to conduct a detailed study titled ‘Informing Targeted Interventions for People with Gambling Problems in the ACT’. The overarching aim of the study was to develop an evidence base to inform targeted interventions for people experiencing problems with gambling. The underlying tenet of the research approach was that single interventions are unlikely to be successful. An effective public health approach requires a co-ordinated, collaborative and integrated approach covering universal, selective and indicated interventions for gambling problems.
The findings from this report provide significant insight into the ways preventative interventions for problem gambling can be targeted using a public health approach. The findings suggest that interventions can be targeted and responsive to the experiences and understandings of people who are at risk of or experiencing gambling problems. A central component of targeted approaches is appropriately supporting partners and family members in the community. This report suggests that close family play the most significant role in assisting people to seek support and are critical to the success of strategies designed to control problematic gambling behaviour.